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### Question

A bank offers an interest rate of 9% compounded annually. Initially I deposit Rs. 50000 in the bank under this scheme. After 1 year I again deposit Rs 50000. What is the total amount that I will get after 2 years?

**A**

Rs. 113905.

**B**

Rs. 114005.

**C**

Rs. 113805.

**D**

Rs. 114105.

**Soln.**

**Ans: a**

Let P, A, r and n have their usual meanings. For the first deposit n = 2, and for the second deposit n = 1. So total amount is P × $((1 + r/100)^2 + (1 + r/100))$ = $P/10000$ × $((100 + r)^2 + 100(100 + r))$ = $P/10000 × (100 + r)$ × $(100 + r + 100)$ which equals ${P × (100 + r) × (200 + r)}/10000.$ Putting r = 9 and P = 50000 and cancelling 10000, we get 5 × 109 × 209 = Rs. 113905.